About Eyes

The human eye is one of the most complex and sophisticated organs in the body. Vision accounts for more than 80% of our sensory world. Several eye conditions and diseases stop us from having that ultimate vision. The doctors at the Eye Care Group are dedicated to helping you see your best through regular yearly eye examinations.

Anatomy of the Eye

Eye Conditions
The following are common eye conditions that are routinely seen in our office. These conditions may be treated with glasses, contact lenses, and surgery.

Nearsighted (myopia) – is a condition caused by the cornea and lens focusing in front of the retina causing blur. People with myopia usually experience blur in the distance.

Healthy Eye

Farsighted (hyperopia) – is a condition caused by the cornea and lens focusing behind the retina. People with hyperopia tend to notice blur up close and sometimes in the distance as well.

Astigmatism – occurs due to the irregular shape of the cornea or lens inside the eye. The cornea is referred to as “football” shaped. People with astigmatism may have trouble focusing at all distances.

Presbyopia – is the gradual loss of the eye’s ability to focus at objects at near. Patients with presbyopia benefit from progressive lenses and multi-focal contact lenses.

Eye Diseases
Cataracts – If you live long enough, it’s likely you eventually will notice cloudy vision from cataracts. At the Eye Care Group we will talk to you about same day cataract surgery and lens implant options for you. Our experienced doctors and staff are able to care for you locally throughout your post-operative period.

Macular degeneration – Age-related macular degeneration, often called AMD or ARMD, is the leading cause of vision loss and blindness among Americans who are age 65 and older. Because people in this group are an increasingly larger percentage of the general population, vision loss from macular degeneration is a growing problem. The doctors at the Eye Care Group are trained in the detection and early prevention of macular degeneration.

Detached Retina

Retinal holes and detachments – A detached retina is a serious and sight-threatening event, occurring when the retina becomes separated from its underlying supportive tissue. The retina cannot function when these layers are detached. And unless the retina is reattached soon, permanent vision loss may result. If you notice flashes of light or floaters, contact our office immediately.

Glaucoma – Glaucoma refers to a group of related eye disorders that all cause damage to the optic nerve. The optic nerve carries information from the eye to the brain enabling you to process what you see. Glaucoma usually has few or no initial symptoms. In most cases, glaucoma is associated with higher-than-normal pressure inside the eye But it also can occur when intra-ocular (IOP) is normal. If untreated or uncontrolled, glaucoma first causes peripheral vision loss and eventually can lead to blindness. Glaucoma is screened for and treated at each of our offices during a comprehensive eye exam.

Systemic Diseases
Did you know the following systemic diseases can have an effect on your vision?

Diabetes – Diabetic retinopathy can lead to vision-threatening damage to the retina of the eye caused by diabetes. It is the leading cause of blindness among working-age Americans, according to the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH). Yet, many cases could be prevented with regular eye exams and appropriate treatment.

High Blood Pressure – Hypertensive Retinopathy is damage to the retina and retinal circulation due to high blood pressure. Most patients present with no visual symptoms, however some may report blurry vision or headaches.

Arthritis – The same inflammation that damages your joints can also affect your eyes. Dry eye is the most common ocular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis. Conditions such as lupus, fibromyalgia, and rheumatoid arthritis can cause iritis (inflammation in the eye). Also, some drugs treating arthritis (such as Plaquinil) can have serious side effects to vision, and should be monitored closely by your eye doctor. The doctors at the Eye Care Group will work with your rheumatologist to best treat your inflammatory condition.

01-ECG_home_07